Américo Paredes (1915-1999) was a folklorist, scholar, and professor at
the University of Texas at Austin who is widely acknowledged as one of
the founding scholars of Chicano Studies. Born in Brownsville, Texas,
along the southern U.S.-Mexico Border, Paredes’ early experiences
impacted his writing during his later years as an academic. He grew up
between two worlds—one written about in books, the other sung about in
ballads and narrated in folktales. He attended a school system that
emphasized conformity and Anglo values in a town whose population was 70
percent Mexican in origin.
During World War II, he worked for the International American Red Cross
and wrote for the Stars and Stripes army newspaper in the Far East. He
returned to Texas with a new bride and a passion for continuing his
formal education and his writing. Paredes did both at the University of
Texas at Austin, where he completed his Ph.D. in 1956. With the
publication of his dissertation, “With His Pistol in His Hand”: A
Border Ballad and Its Hero in 1958, Paredes soon emerged as a
challenger to the status quo. His book questioned the mythic nature of
the Texas Rangers and provided an alternative counter-cultural narrative
to the existing traditional narratives of Walter Prescott Webb and J.
Frank Dobie, among others.
For the next forty years he was a brilliant teacher and prolific writer
who championed the preservation of border culture and history. He was a
soft-spoken, at times temperamental, yet fearless professor. He was a
co-founder in 1970 of the Center for Mexican American Studies at the
University of Texas at Austin and is credited with introducing the
concept of Greater Mexico, decades before its wider acceptance today
among transnationalist scholars. He received numerous awards, including
La Orden del Aguila Azteca, Mexico’s most prestigious service award to a
foreigner. Paredes became a scholar of scholars, guiding many students
to become academic leaders.
Manuel F. Medrano interviewed Paredes over a five-year period before
Paredes’ death in 1999, and also interviewed his family and colleagues.
For many Mexican Americans, Paredes’ historical legacy is that he
raised, carried, and defended their cultural flag with a dignity that
both friends and foes respected.
“Medrano incorporates oral history, personal/professional
correspondence, and family input into his research. To my knowledge, no
other scholar has had access to some of the material herein, presenting
a fuller and more comprehensive picture of the man behind the scholar.”
—Aaron Rodrigues, Department of Ethnic Studies, Cal Poly San Luis
“Paredes is the leading academic figure for Texas Mexicans and his work
continues to invoke not only personal attention but scholarly
perspectives as well. This book has the potential of introducing Paredes
to a new generation of readers and scholars. The interviews conducted
with Paredes, his family, and his students is material you will find
nowhere else.” —Richard Flores, Professor of Anthropology and Mexican
American Studies, University of Texas